Bike to Work Challenge 2015

As we start the month of October, so ends another Bike Commute Challenge. We’ve had great ridership this year! The 10 participants logged a total of 1,185 miles, with Senior Landscape Architect, Dave Walters logging 306 of those miles all on his own! GreenWorks is very active in community events that promote and enrich our local Portland culture and the Bicycle Transportation Association’s  annual Bike Commute Challenge is one of our favorites. As early leaders working with the BTA, GreenWorks actively promotes bike ridership. In 2000, GreenWorks won first place in the first annual BTA Bike Commute Challenge, and we have won four additional first place awards since then. Here’s to another great year!


City Park Display at the 2015 International Trails Symposium

Through its sponsorship of the 2015 International Trails Symposium, Greenworks PC created a ‘City Park’ exhibit. The display allows visitors to experience a variety of material and plant types, while transitioning from a ‘Natural’ to an ‘Urban’ setting.

We would like to thank our partners, Mutual Materials and Sustainable Northwest Wood, for not only supplying us with materials, but for also pitching in some sweat in creating the exhibit. The International Trail Symposium is currently taking place at the Oregon Convention Center through Wednesday, May 20th. Stop by and check it out!

You can also join our very own Gill Williams for a tour of the 4T Trail on Tuesday from 1 pm – 5 pm. Registration information can be found here.

Design and construction by GreenWorks, PC with help from Mutual Materials (pavers), Sustainable Northwest Wood (logs and wood materials), and Cedar Landscaped with Chehalem Mountain Nurseries (plants and trees).

Design and construction by GreenWorks, PC with help from Mutual Materials (pavers), Sustainable Northwest Wood (logs and wood materials), and Cedar Landscape with Chehalem Mountain Nurseries (plants and trees).

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GreenWorks Co-Founder Appointed Portland Parks Bureau Director

Congratulations to Mike Abbaté for his appointment as the new Director of Portland Parks!  After a national search to replace Park’s Director Zari Santner, Commissioner Nick Fish selected Abbaté, calling him  “’innovative’ and an able manager whose work examining the parks’ assets will be a big plus when the bureau goes out for a parks bond.

Mike Abbaté, Director of Portland Parks

Mike Abbaté co-founded GreenWorks in 1997.  Abbaté brought to the firm great expertise in interpretive, outdoor recreation and ecotourism facilities. He was instrumental in expanding the firm’s services in planning and design for interpretive facilities; urban park design; and planning and design for regional, state and national parks. Prior to GreenWorks, Mike worked for the U.S. Forest Service and in the private sector for many years. Abbaté left GreenWorks in 2007 to become the Planning Director for the City of Gresham.

For more information on Mike’s new appointment visit:

Students Gain Invaluable Professional Insight

GreenWorks hosted two energetic student groups last week, giving them a sneak peek into the profession. Claire Maulhardt, landscape designer, is involved with two students groups that encourage the relationship between students and the Landscape Architecture profession; ACE Mentoring program for high school students (Architecture, Construction Management and Engineering) and ASLA Oregon Student Liaison.

Claire’s enthusiasm for teaching leads to her involvement in the (ACE) Mentoring program designed for high school students interested in pursuing Architecture, Construction Management and Engineering. On January 25th, GreenWorks hosted one of the biweekly meetings exposing students to a range of projects in Landscape Architecture and Environmental Design. The students learned about site analysis and site planning  related to drawings for a waterfront café they are designing over the next few months. Crowded around the site plan on the wall, students threw out suggestions for site placement of their café  and discussed the opportunities and constraints as they took turns drawing. At the end of the two-hour session, the students came to an agreement on their building location. To create the most ideal waterfront “atmosphere,” the student team placed their café cantilevered over the river. In the coming weeks, structural engineering mentors will walk them through the exciting challenges that this decision imposes on the process of design and construction.


Claire Maulhardt is also involved with ASLA Oregon as a Student Liaison on the Executive Committee. This role helps facilitates the relationship between the Student ASLA chapter and ASLA Oregon. On January 28th, GreenWorks hosted five college students from the University of Oregon as part of the Eighteenth Annual Shadow Mentor Day, an event organized by the University of Oregon’s Professional Outreach and Development Services (PODS), the Department of Landscape Architecture, Student ASLA and ASLA Oregon. The students spent the day with GreenWorks staffers learning about the day-to-day of being a landscape architect. GreenWorks staff and the students toured a few recent projects, one of which was 1st and Main, a new roof terrace garden closed to the general public. The students learned about the range of green roof types and had ample opportunity to ask LOTS of questions about Landscape Design.



UO Design Camp Wraps Up Week 1 with a Focus on Landscape Architecture

Week One wrapped up with more design foundations and a focus on the field of Landscape Architecture. Claire and the other instructors lead campers on a walking tour of Portland. Along the way, the students were divided into teams and tasked with creating performance installations at different sites based on water-themed words such as meander, rush, and babble. Check out the UO Design Camp blog for more details about the day’s events.

Trends in the Landscape Industry

GreenWorks’ Principal Mike Faha recently hosted an Education Session at the 2009 Oregon Landscape Expo, discussing Trends in the Landscape Industry.

“The session will identify future trends in the landscape industry with the current focus on sustainability and the means of implementation for construction and maintenance projects.  What new projects can be expected in the future will also be discussed.”

To see Mike Faha’s full powerpoint presentation, click the link below:

Green Trends

Regenerative Design in Urban Land


The August 2009 issue of Urban Land (the publication of the Urban Land Institute – ULI) featured an article on ‘Regenerative Design’ authored by GreenWorks Senior Associate Jason King, along with Ankrom Moisan Principal Scott Thayer.  The article discussed our transition from sustainability to regeneration of communities, and included projects such as Independence Station, Tanner Springs Park, and the Headwaters at Tryon Creek.


Images copyright (ULI) – Click here to read the entire issue online (and jump to pg. 48 for the specific article).

Cool Roofs

A reprint of a recent editorial in The Oregonian, from Sunday, August 16, 2009

The coolest roofs in the world

by The Oregonian Editorial Board, Sunday August 16, 2009, 10:32 AM


Jason King, a landscape architect who designed the green space on the fifth floor of the Multnomah Building, says most folks don’t even know the green roof exists.

“Portland helped pioneer a growing movement in green roofs, but the city must look to Chicago, Toronto and Tokyo for more inspiration

Portland’s history with green roofs traces back to a rainy day in 1996 when Tom Liptan stood in his driveway, soaking wet, watching to see whether if his new garage roof, a combination of soil and plants, would hold water.

It did.

Thirteen years later, Portland boasts 165 green roofs, and counting. And Liptan, a landscape architect for the city’s Bureau of Environmental Services, has become a nationally known expert in vegetative roofs. And every year, scores of Portland homeowners and builders now seek grants from the city to develop more green roofs.

Green roofs have become a nice little environmental success story in Portland. But they are emerging as much more in places such as Chicago, Toronto and Tokyo that have taken green roofs to a whole new scale. In Tokyo, for example, atop the towering high rises in the Mori Building complex you can find rice paddies, vegetables and trees amid a stunning rooftop garden. In Chicago, a strong push by city officials and private contractors have led to more than 600 green roofs covering more than 3 million square feet.

These roofs are cool, in every sense of the word. Tokyo, Chicago and others are emphasizing green roofs as a way to cool the “heat islands” created by the concrete, asphalt and metal of modern cities. The Mori Building complex, for example, has helped cut temperatures by several degrees in Tokyo’s Roppongi Hills district.

Liptan and others pioneered green roofs in Portland as stormwater collectors, designed to catch and hold heavy rains and reduce pressure on the city’s often overwhelmed combined sewer system. But during the recent string of days in the high 90s and 100s, for example, the thick, naturally insulating roofs did double duty, keeping buildings cool.

“Green roof” is a catch-all term. It covers “eco-roofs,” which are thin layers of soil and simple vegetation, such as grasses, and “garden roofs,” which are more elaborate and intensive green roofs. Portland now has about 9.5 acres of ecoroofs, and about 11.5 acres of garden roofs. The city has set an ambitious goal of more than doubling the acreage of green roofs by 2013.

It’s an ambitious but realistic goal, even for a city that has no plans to emulate Toronto, Tokyo and others that require some green roofs in large new urban developments. Portland uses a range in incentives, from grants to expanded development rights, to coax more builders into incorporating green roofs.

That’s getting easier and more feasible all the time. There’s a fledging green roof industry in Portland and the Northwest that is developing best practices and new materials, and identifying plants able to best withstand the heat and wind of the roof environment. It’s also helping dispel some of the myths and misconceptions, such as the worry that green roofs are especially vulnerable to leaks. In fact, well built green roofs have an anticipated life span of 40 years — twice that of many conventional roofs.

When you spend time on some of the world’s most impressive green roofs, as one of our Editorial Board members writers did during a recent trip to Tokyo, you see the tremendous potential of green roofs, not just to cool heat islands, but to create far more usable, beautiful space in a city. In one Tokyo neighborhood a high-rise was covered with a “kitchen garden,” covered with olive trees and grapevines. In another, the “Vertical Garden City” of Roppongi, a rice paddy and vegetable garden stood more than 130 feet above a development that lined with thousands of cherry trees.

That’s a long way from Tom Liptan’s humble goal of capturing stormwater runoff on his garage roof. But smart, creative people in Portland are doing great things with their roofs, too, such as growing heirloom tomatoes and vegetables.

Yet there’s still an enormous opportunity with green roofs in Portland. Yes, doubling the total area of green roofs here to 40-plus acres by 2013 is an ambitious goal. But next time you fly into Portland International Airport, or look down from a Portland high rise, look down at all the roofs. There are 12,500 acres of conventional roofs in Portland. This city has only begun to go green.”

King Appointed to USGBC Group

(via the Oregon Daily Journal of Commerce) posted Friday, August 7, 2009


Senior associate Jason A. King of GreenWorks PC has been appointed by the U.S. Green Building Council to serve on the Sustainable Sites Technical Advisory Group (SS TAG). The group provides technical advice in regard to products, tools and services related to sustainable sites within the LEED rating system.

King will advise on credit interpretation requests and credit ruling appeals, as well as monitor consistency in the methods of assessment and standards across the LEED product range as it relates to credits for sustainable sites. He was selected from a pool of 124 applicants for eight open TAG positions. King is experienced in green roof design, storm water design, habitat restoration, reduction of the urban heat island effect, and other sustainable design strategies.

Also, read this interview with Jason King about the appointment, recently featured on World Landscape Architect by Damian Holmes.

Landscape Architecture Rising

One of the projects included SWA Group and their work on Houston’s buffalo bayou transformation which turned a derelict channel into urban paradise

One of the projects included SWA Group and their work on Houston’s buffalo bayou transformation which turned a derelict channel into urban paradise

A great article ‘Landscape Architecture Rising’, appeared in the July issue of Engineering News-Record offered some great press about the relevance and growth of the profession of landscape architecture.  Something all of us at GreenWorks can agree with.

“Need to stop flooding or reduce stormwater runoff and sewer overflows? Looking to ease demand on treatment plants and avoid the cost of expansion? Seeking cleaner air or water? Interested in recharging an aquifer, rebuilding a shoreline or remediating a brownfield? Trying to stem highway pollution? Need to rebalance a watershed or ecosystem?  If so, a landscape architect may be in your future. The design professional—until recently derided as little more than a glorified gardener—is on a campaign to reclaim a seat at the environmental cleanup table. Some are even bent on sitting at the head, leading the engineers.”

Read more and see more images from the article here.

APLD Conference Keynote

Mike Faha, Principal of GreenWorks, gave a Keynote Speech on Tuesday, July 14th to the Association of Professional Landscape Designers (APLD), in town this week for their annual meeting.


Design + Sustainability, A Retrospective on Portland’s Establishment as a National Leader in the Sustainable Design Movement
F. Michael Faha, ASLA, LEED
This session will include discussions on the following topics: the
impetus behind a city’s determination to go green; evolution of public
acceptance for sustainable practices; sustainable site design, low-impact
development, green development practices; integrating habitat into the
urban environment; sustainable stormwater, raingarden design, green
roofs, green walls, green streets; LEED projects; sustainable landscapes
do not have to look like a weed patch; the use of recycled materials in the
landscape; and rainwater harvesting.

Click here to download a PDF of the presentation (5.78 MB)

Kenton Streetscape in Portland Monthly


 Some recent press regarding the Denver Avenue Green Main Street project, in the Kenton Neighborhood of North Portland.  This is excerpted from the Portland Monthly article “Upgrade Avenue: Kenton gets a million-dollar makeover”…  by Rachel Ritchie – Published July 2009



“IF EVER A PATCH OF PAVEMENT could capture the multiple personalities of Portland’s past, present, and future, it would be the intersection of N Denver and N Interstate Avenues in the historic Kenton neighborhood. Here, a giant statue of Paul Bunyan stares down at the ramshackle all-nude roadhouse Dancin’ Bare while the Euro-futuristic cars of the MAX light-rail glide by. Kenton was home to Portland’s stockyards and the meatpacking titan Swift & Company in the early 1900s; legend has it that so many cattle were slaughtered in the neighborhood, the Columbia Slough ran red. Over the years, Kenton held fast to its gritty pioneer character (Exhibit A: The Bunyan statue), but minus pedestrian-friendly amenities like benches and crosswalks, its business district—the car-clogged N Denver Avenue—foundered, becoming perennially studded with vacant properties. But now the Portland Development Commission (PDC) is offering up a bundle of new business loans, plus $2.85 million for the Denver Streetscape Project, a six-month-long renovation set to begin in August. Here’s a preview of Kenton’s next incarnation.

Green Street Not only will N Denver Avenue’s sidewalks be widened from ten to fifteen feet and its three car lanes cut down to two, but by year’s end, the thoroughfare will be one of Portland’s first fully retrofitted green main streets. The pavement will be replaced with concrete, which retains less heat than asphalt, thus reducing cooling needs for adjacent businesses. Stormwater planters on every block will capture and sift runoff from the roads and sidewalks while adding a hint of street-level lushness.

New Business To encourage N Denver Avenue’s rebirth as an urban boutique district à la N Mississippi Avenue and NE Alberta Street, the PDC is subsidizing small-business loans. One early taker: Kenton resident Jessie Burke, who, in May, opened Posie’s Café (, a charming coffee shop committed to supporting fellow local businesses. (She sells coffee from Ristretto Roasters, pastries from Florio on N Willamette Avenue, and wraps from White Girls Can Wrap.)

Paul Bunyan The mythological concrete-troweled lumberjack, who earned a spot on the National Register of Historic Places this year, was built in 1959 for Oregon’s Centennial celebration and has since remained the icon of Kenton. He’ll stay put, but the plaza he stands in will soon be dressed up with trees, greenery, and seating.

Kenton Library Hennebery Eddy Architects has designed a new six-thousand-square-foot Multnomah County library branch, slated for completion in 2010, that will provide Kenton bibliophiles with a home. The neighborhood has lacked a library since its founding in 1909.

Mauricio Saldaña Sculpture Portland artist Mauricio Saldaña, a third-generation stone carver, will create a granite sculpture to stand at the corner of N Denver Avenue and Kilpatrick Street, as well as seven concrete-and-granite benches that will be planted along the corners of the street.”

Summer Sustainability…

GreenWorks is excited to be involved again in 2009 with the 2nd iteration of the Summer Sustainability Series program on ‘Sustainability in the Built Environment.  From the Website:  “The Summer Sustainability Series offers unique professional programs based on the ground-breaking work of Oregon’s businesses, universities, not-for-profit organizations, and policy makers.  We visit experts and practitioners in the field as they bring their experiences to life. Participants will join other thought leaders from a range of professions, pushing beyond the current thinking to find better solutions. “



Again this year, GreenWorks Principal Jim Figurski gave an overview of the process of creating Tanner Springs Park (a collaboration between GreenWorks and Atelier Dreisietl, seen above).  And Doug Shapiro of Hoyt Street Properties gave everyone the opportunity to get a birds eye view of the park atop the penthouse of the Metropolitan Condominiums.  Not a bad perspective.


Day 2 Featured a presentation by Jason King, Senior Associate, giving a tour of the Multnomah County Building Green Roof (in full bloom below) and the newly planted rooftop urban agriculture demonstration, the Hope Garden.


Gardening for Hope

GreenWorks has been honored to help orchestrate the transformation of the rooftop planters on the Multnomah County Green Roof into a ‘Hope Garden’ … From Multnomah County website:

“Multnomah County and the City of Portland are partnering to plant organic vegetable gardens at their respective headquarters to recognize the growing community interest in local food systems and to inspire residents to plant their own edible gardens.  “Growing food is a great way for a family to reduce food costs, spend time together, and to assist hungry families,” said Multnomah County Commissioner Judy Shiprack.   “Multnomah County recognizes that our local food system has a significant impact on the economy, health, and environment of our community,” said Multnomah County Commissioner Jeff Cogen. “And this demonstration project fits one of the county’s core missions to promote healthy people and healthy communities.”


Volunteers from a number of organizations and firms contributed their time and effort into making the garden a reality.  A list of donations includes:

:: GreenWorks Landscape Architects
:: Teufel Landscape
:: Tremco Roofing
:: Anderson Roofing
:: Phillips Soil Products
:: HD Fowler
:: Oregon Wire
:: Territorial Seeds
:: Plant Health
:: Portland Nursery
:: Parr Lumber


Food will be cared for by the Multnomah County Green Team, and donated to local food banks via the Share your Harvest program.  The roof is publically accessible at 501 SE Hawthorne, and open during regular business hours.  Plus the view of downtown is stunning.

Gresham CFTA Plaza Opens Tomorrow

Updated pics of the GCFTA Plaza with plantings… as the grand opening gets near.





Just a reminder about the Grand-opening festivities for the Gresham Center for the Arts Plaza, to be held tomorrow on Saturday at 12:30 p.m., followed by musical performances and family-fun activities from 1 to 8:30 p.m.

For more information on the project, visit

DaVinci School in NY Times

A recent blog post from the NY Times showed  “A prototype green classroom addition under construction at the Da Vinci Arts Middle School in Portland, Ore. includes natural daylighting, passive heating and cooling systems, solar roof tiles and other green features that yield a 70 percent efficiency improvement over Oregon building code requirements.” 


:: image via NY Times Blog

The project by SRG Partnership and the University of Oregon’s Energy Studies in Buildings Lab was aided by pro-bono services from GreenWorks for site improvements and land use issues.   Read the full NYT post about this innovative project here, as well as some additional local coverage in the DJC here.

Walking the Walk – Earth Day Style


Crew pitches in to clean up school’s bio-swale

Volunteers from Portland landscape architecture and environmental design firm work on Earth Day

Volunteers from GreenWorks, a Portland landscape architecture and environmental design firm, spent their Earth Day morning sprucing up Rosa Parks Elementary School in North Portland. The crew did some weeding, pruning and trash pickup in the large bio-swale in front of the elementary school in the Portsmouth neighborhood.

“These days are a chance for us to get out of the office and do some needed work in the community that ties in with the mission of our company,” said Greenworks principal Mike Faha, who volunteered. “We have been working with schools on projects like this for several years and always feel good about our efforts after we are finished and see the results.”

(source: Daily Journal of Commerce, April 24 2009)

GreenWorks Promotes Five

GreenWorks Landscape Architecture has promoted Jason King and Robin Craig to Senior Associates, and Brett Milligan, Alexandra Perove and Tim Strand to Associate.

jasonKing has 15 years of experience in eco-roofs, sustainable housing, health care, institutional and recreational projects. His recent projects include the Columbia River Community Hospital, Asante Health System Courtyard and Independence Station. He holds a Bachelor of Landscape Architecture and a Bachelor of Science in environmental design from North Dakota State University.


robinCraig has 17 years of experience and is currently working on a new Lane Community College health and wellness facility, TriMet light-rail transit system improvements, and Riverdale School District’s new K-8 school.  She holds a Bachelor of Environmental Design in landscape architecture from North Carolina State University and a Master of Landscape Architecture from the University of Virginia.


110_103_brett_milligan1Milligan is currently working on the Condit Dam removal and Portland Fire Station 18. He holds a Master of Landscape Architecture from the University of New Mexico, Albuquerque.



alexPerove is currently working on The Dalles Riverfront Connections project and the city of Portland Bureau of Environmental Services Systems Planning. She holds a Bachelor of Landscape Architecture from Pennsylvania State University.



timStrand is a project manager and landscape designer. He is currently working on the Clay Street green street and Chambers Creek Wastewater Treatment Facility. He holds a Master of Landscape Architecture from the University of California, Berkeley.

SSI works toward certification of landscape architecture

Sustainable Sites Initiative seeks to address issues not completely covered by LEED

From the DJC Oregon – originally printed Tuesday, January 27, 2009


As a landscape architect with Greenworks, Jason King keeps pace with changes in the U.S. Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design standards. King in 2003 was one of the first local landscape architects to become LEED accredited, and now a third of his office is accredited.

headwaters at tryon creek

headwaters at tryon creek

But while it’s important for landscape architects to understand LEED, the system is mostly oriented toward the built environment and does not address, in depth, the complex systems used in landscape architecture. To remedy that, several groups are combining forces to develop the Sustainable Sites Initiative – an effort to define comprehensive guidelines and performance benchmarks for sustainable landscapes.

“This initiative gives us the opportunity to expand the (LEED) idea and provides a mechanism for certification of nonbuilding sites,” said King.

The new initiative would give landscape architects a ratings system for parks, plazas, streetscapes, golf courses and even cemeteries. Sites with buildings, such as retail and office parks, military complexes, airports and botanical gardens would also be part of the system.

Proponents of the initiative say that landscape designs can have an impact on the environment by reducing greenhouse gas emissions through the use of vegetation and soil, by controlling invasive plant species and by controlling water pollution through improved storm-water runoff control.

Landscape architect Jana McKenzie, a managing principal and vice president with EDAW’s Fort Collins, Colo., office, said she and a group of fellow landscape architects came up with the idea for a landscape architecture ratings system in 2001.

“LEED is advanced in addressing building performance, but it felt like the site components, including land use, needed to be addressed as well,” said McKenzie.

The idea expanded in the next couple of years to groups outside the American Society of Landscape Architects, and became an interdisciplinary effort that included Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center and the United States Botanic Garden.

In addition to creating voluntary guidelines and performance benchmarks for sustainable land design, the system will address construction and maintenance practices at the sites that are certified. McKenzie said the new system must be region specific, because of the importance of using indigenous plantings.

Input for the new system, which will likely be folded into the LEED system, has been sought from landscape architects, restoration ecologists, biologists, civil engineers, hydrologists and water quality specialists.

Tom Liptan, a sustainable design specialist with the city of Portland, said he has added input for developing criteria for the new system in the area of hydrology – specifically, storm-water management and rainwater harvesting.

“We’re trying to address issues that LEED doesn’t address comprehensively,” Liptan said. The new system can address issues such as preventing storm water by capturing water in vegetated areas or creating rain gardens, he said.

Liptan said developments, for example, could win extra points in the new system if they daylight a creek. Developers and designers, he said, would be rewarded for “trying to achieve a well-balanced ecosystem” on the property. Green streets could also have benchmarks in the new system.

The most recent draft of the Sustainable Sites Initiative Guidelines and Performance Benchmarks, from last year, is available on the Sustainable Sites Initiative Web site,

King expected that the new initiative would see its first pilot projects in 2011, and that a reference guide would be available the following year.

Materials for Sustainable Sites

A fabulous resource for landscape architecture is the recent publication from Wiley entitled Materials for Sustainable Sites and authored by Meg Calkins, LEED AP.  Ms. Calkins, who is an educator at Ball State University and frequent writer on sustainable materials, has created a valuable must-have resource for site designers for evaluting truly sustainable materials for projects.  Often used in our office, the resource is invaluable for life-cycle evaluation as well as a range of options for materials reuse in projects.  Read Jason King’s review for a more in depth evaluation of the book and it’s content.


In addition to being a fabulous resource, GreenWorks is excited that Ms. Calkins chose to showcase some of our projects relating to a number of sustainable materials uses, including reuse of concrete, use of natural and local materials use, and repurposing industrial materials for both sustainable and cultural relevance.   The following project excerpts are from the book – along with the associated captions. 

rivereast center

rivereast center

Figures CP4-CP5Concrete panels cut and removed from exterior building walls in a remodel were resued as site walls by artist Linda Wysong and GreenWorks.  The concrete panels define spaces in the landscape, reference the history of the building, and reduce waste materials from the remodel.  Holes cut in the concrete panels focus views (Photo from GreenWorks PC.)

the confluence project
the confluence project

Figure CP17 – Crushed oyster shell paving at the Confluence Project, commemorating the journey of Lewis and Clark, by Maya Lin and GreenWorks was obtained from nearby Oysterville, Washington, the Pacific Northwest hub of oyster production.  This reused material from a local industrial waste product was crushed to a spec equivalent to one-quarter inch minus stone and installed four inches think in the Totem Circle (Photo from GreenWorks PC.)

tanner springs park
tanner springs park

Figures CP35-CP37 – The undulating wall at Tanner Springs Park in Portland, constructed from reclaimed railroad rails, connects the current park site to its history.  Atelier Dreiseitl and GreenWorks intended the wall to represent the ‘skin’ of the city being pulled back to expose the original wetland site prior to the railroad, industry, and the current mixed-use neighborhood.  (Photo from GreenWorks PC.)